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How to listen to this talk: Graham Hill “Why I’m a weekday vegetarian”

How to listen to this talk: Graham Hill “Why I’m a weekday vegetarian”

(1) Answer “Before Watching/Listening” questions below.

(2) Listen to it twice.
If you didn’t understand everything, listen two more times with subtitles. (Click “English” in the box below the video.)
If you didn’t understand everything, visit the website and read the transcript. (Click on the box below the video that says “show transcript”. You’ll have to visit the TED site to do this.)
For any difficult parts, click on the words in the transcript. Then, you can listen to him say those parts again.
Now, if you’re really having trouble, you can listen with subtitles in your language.
After you’ve listened with subtitles in your language, listen again in English.

(3) Answer the “Comprehension Questions” below.

(4) Answer the “Discussion Questions” below.

Before watching/listening:

Discuss these questions with a partner or write short answers to them on your own.

What’s a vegetarian?
How often do you eat meat?
What do you usually do on weekdays?
What do you usually do on weekends?

Watch the Video

Comprehension Questions
What’s a “green” guy?
What does it mean to grow up with “hippie” parents?
What website did he start?
What reasons does he give for being a vegetarian?
How much does eating a hamburger a day increase your risk of dying by?
What does hypocritically mean?
How do meat emissions compare to transportation emissions?
How much more water does beef production use than vegetables?
How much more meat do Americans eat now compared to the 50s?
How was he “stalling”?
What was the “binary solution”?
Why didn’t he want to become a vegetarian?
What are taste buds?
What does it mean to commit to do something?
What’s “weekday veg”?
What are the major “culprits” in terms of environmental damage?
What is red meat?
What is processed meat?
What does it mean to swap something?
What does he suggest swapping out the bad meats with?
What’s “sustainably harvested fish”?
What does he mean when he says it’s OK to break it here and there?
What’s a carbon footprint?

Discussion Questions
Do you like this idea? Why/Why not?
What’s a vegan?
What’s a factory farm? What do you think the conditions are like?
What else might you give up on weekdays?
What’s something you might start doing on weekdays?
How have eating habits changed over the past decades?

Answers to Comprehension Questions
What’s a “green” guy? (A “green guy” is an environmentalist, someone who loves nature.)
What does it mean to grow up with “hippie” parents? (His parents were hippies. Hippies are from the late 60s, they like rock music, have long hair, etc.)
What website did he start? (The site is called treehugger.)
What reasons does he give for being a vegetarian? (He discusses three reasons: it’s healthier, it’s not cruel to animals, and it’s better for the environment)
How much does eating a hamburger a day increase your risk of dying by? (It increases the risk by 1/3.)
What does hypocritically mean? (It means to act differently than you think others should act.)
How do meat emissions compare to transportation emissions? (Meat emissions are greater.)
How much more water does beef production use than vegetables? (100 times more.)
How much more meat do Americans eat now compared to the 50s? (They eat twice as much.)
How was he “stalling”? (He was delaying becoming a vegetarian. to stall = to delay, to wait for something to happen before acting.)
What was the “binary solution”? (He felt he must choose between two things: meat eater or vegetarian.)
Why didn’t he want to become a vegetarian? (He likes the taste of meat)
What are taste buds? (They are the things on your tongue that let you taste food.)
What does it mean to commit to do something? (To make a promise to yourself or others that you’ll do it.)
What’s “weekday veg”? (It’s someone who is a vegetarian Monday thru Friday, but sometimes eats meat on the weekend.)
What are the major “culprits” in terms of environmental damage? (A culprit is the guilty person/thing, the one that did something wrong. Red and processed meats cause the most damage.)
What is red meat? (It’s darker meat, red when uncooked.)
What is processed meat? (Meats that aren’t simply cut from the animal–for example, bacon, hot dogs, etc.)
What does it mean to swap something (It means to exchange it or replace it.)
What does he suggest swapping out the bad meats with? (He suggests eating sustainably harvested fish instead of red/processed meats.)
What’s “sustainably harvested fish”? (Fish that are caught without reducing the total number of fish.)
What does he mean when he says it’s OK to break it here and there? (It’s OK to stop doing it sometimes.)
What’s a carbon footprint? (The amount of carbon that is used because of you.)

How to listen to this talk: Marco Tempest: The electric rise and fall of Nikola Tesla

How to listen to this talk: Marco Tempest: The electric rise and fall of Nikola Tesla

Before watching/listening:

Discuss these questions with a partner or write short answers to them on your own.
How has electricity changed our lives? (What was life like before? What’s it like now? What’s the future of the technology?)
How about radio?
Wireless telegraphy?
Remote control?
X-rays?
Hydro-electric dams?

Watch and listen to this video

Listen to it twice.

If you didn’t understand everything, listen two more times with subtitles. (Click “English” in the box below the video.)
If you didn’t understand everything, visit the website and read the transcript. (Click on the box below the video that says “show transcript”. You’ll have to visit the TED site to do this.)
For any difficult parts, click on the words in the transcript. Then, you can listen to him say those parts again.
Now, if you’re really having trouble, you can listen with subtitles in your language. After you’ve listened with subtitles in your language, listen again in English.

Comprehension Questions
Who is this about?
What talents did he have?
What future did he imagine?
What mistake did he make?
Why did he do what he did?
What was his question at the end?

Discussion Questions
Who are other great thinkers? What did they do?
In your country, who are some great thinkers of the past and today?
Are great thinkers always respected while they live?
If you could have a conversation with a great thinker from the past, who would you choose and why?
What will technology be like in the future? How will it change our lives?

Answers to Comprehension Questions
Who is this about? It’s about Nikola Tesla

What talents did he have? He could do math problems easily. More importantly, he could see how a machine would work in his mind before he built it. Therefore, he could design and test an invention in his mind before building it in his workshop.

What future did he imagine? “A world where there would be no humiliation of the poor by the violence of the rich, where products of intellect, science and art will serve society for the betterment and beautification of life.”

It means he wanted a world where technology helps everyone—so that the rich don’t humiliate the poor.

What mistake did he make? He explained that his world telegraphy center (similar to today’s cellular networks and internet) could contact aliens. This scared people.

What was his question? He asked “what will man do when the forests disappear, and the coal deposits are exhausted?”

How to listen to this song: Jealous Guy

How to listen to this song: Jealous Guy by John Lennon

Use this song to practice Past Continuous

You can also listen here, here, or here.

First Listen to the song

Second Answer this question: What is a “jealous guy”? What are three things a jealous guy might do?

Third Listen to the song again. This time, read the lyrics to the song too. (The lyrics are below. Scroll down to see them.)

Fourth Think about the past continuous verb tense. The form is was/were plus the –ing form of the verb. For example: I was watching TV. They were sitting alone.

We use the past continuous to talk about actions that happen over a period of time in the past. We can also use the past simple, but it changes the meaning a little bit. Compare:

I ate rice on Saturday.

I was eating rice on Saturday.

I ate rice makes it seem like the action happened at one time. I was eating rice makes it seem like it happened for some time. Both are true. Saturday is one time and Saturday is a period of time. “I ate rice on Saturday” makes it sound like at one point in time on Saturday (for example 2pm), you ate rice. “I was eating rice on Saturday” makes it sound like you ate rice several times on Saturday (for example 10am, 2pm, and 6pm).

We need to use the past continuous for interrupted actions. For instance, I was eating rice when you called. You stopped the action when you called, so I should use past continuous.

For more information, please click here.

Fifth Look at the lyrics in the song.

I was dreaming of the past
And my heart was beating fast
I began to lose control
I began to lose control

I didn’t mean to hurt you
I’m sorry that I made you cry (oh my)
I didn’t want to hurt you
I’m just a jealous guy

I was feeling insecure
You might not love me any more
I was shivering inside
I was shivering inside

I didn’t mean to hurt you
I’m sorry that I made you cry (oh my)
I didn’t want to hurt you
I’m just a jealous guy

I didn’t mean to hurt you
I’m sorry that I made you cry (oh my)
I didn’t want to hurt you
I’m just a jealous guy

I was trying to catch your eyes
Thought that you was trying to hide
I was swallowing my pain
I was swallowing my pain

I didn’t mean to hurt you
I’m sorry that I made you cry (oh my)
I didn’t want to hurt you
I’m just a jealous guy (watch out)

I’m just a jealous guy (look out babe)

I’m just a jealous guy

Sixth Answer these questions:

Why does he say that his heart was beating fast? When does your heart beat fast?

What reason does he give for hurting her? (Why did he hurt her?)

Why was he feeling insecure?

What does “I was swallowing my pain” mean?

Answers

What is a “jealous guy”? What are three things a jealous guy might do?

A jealous guy is a guy who is too protective of his girlfriend/wife. For example, a jealous guy feels bad when the girl he likes does something without him (especially if she is with other men).

A jealous guy might (1) tell his girlfriend not to meet other men, (2) get angry if his girlfriend doesn’t tell him where she is, (3) tell his girlfriend not to do things without him.

Why does he say that his heart was beating fast? When does your heart beat fast?

His heart was beating fast because his emotions were crazy. Our hearts beat fast when we exercise, when we are very nervous, etc.

What reason does he give for hurting her? (Why did he hurt her?)

He’s a jealous guy.

Why was he feeling insecure?

He thought that she might not love him anymore.

What does “I was swallowing my pain” mean?

It means he was trying to hide his pain. He didn’t want to show her that he was feeling bad.

How to listen to this song: Neutron Star Explosion

Listen to the song “Neutron Star Collision” by Muse. Then read explanations below.

You can also listen here, here, or here.

I was searching, you were on a mission
Then our hearts combined like a neutron star collision
I had nothing left to lose
You took your time to choose
Then we told each other with no trace of fear that

Our love would be forever
And if we die, we die together
Well I, I said never
Cause our love would be forever

  • I was searching sounds like he was searching for meaning in life and/or love.
  • On a mission means working very hard to do something.
  • A neutron star is the heaviest kind of star.
  • A collision is when two things hit each other.
  • I had nothing left to lose means that he could take risks because everything was already gone.
  • You took your time is from the idiom “to take one’s time”. It means to go slowly.
  • A trace is a small amount.
  • No trace of something means there is none of that something. (Here, there is no fear.)

So…there are two young people—a boy and a girl. He is searching for something and she is working hard. They meet and it is very good. He wants to be with her, but she needs time. Then, without fear they decide to be together forever. They will love each other forever. They will even die at the same time.

The world is broken, and halos fail to glisten
We try to make a difference but no one wants to listen
Hail the preachers—fake and proud
Their doctrines will be cloud
Then they’ll dissipate like snowflakes in an ocean

Love is forever and we’ll die
We’ll die together
Well I, I said never
Cause our love, could be forever

  • The world is broken means that the world has big problems.
  • A halo is a ring of light. Usually a halo is above the head of an angel.
  • To glisten means to sparkle or to shine. Think about what water looks like when light hits it. A lake glistens in the morning light.
  • To make a difference means to make things better.
  • Hail means to respect something and do what it wants.
  • Preachers are religious leaders, they are like priests.
  • Fake means not real.
  • Proud means you think too nicely about yourself.
  • Doctrines are systems of belief
  • To be cloud is not a normal expression, but it probably means that it won’t be solid.
  • To dissipate is to break into many parts and go away.

So…The world has many problems, but their love is strong.

Now I’ve got nothing left to lose
You take your time to choose
I can tell you now without a trace of fear

That my love will be forever
And we’ll die, we’ll die together
And I, I will never
Cause our love will be forever

So…This last part makes it seem like he’s still waiting for her to choose or maybe she left and he wants her back. We know because instead of saying “our love” he says “my love”.

How to listen to this song: “I Believe in You” by Don Williams

How to listen to this song: “I believe” by Don Williams

If the above link doesn’t work, you can also listen here, here, or here.

First Listening Questions

What is this song about?

Second Listening Questions

What does “I believe in you” mean?

What else does Don Williams believe in?

Now read the lyrics

Don Williams “I Believe”

I don’t believe in superstars,
organic food and foreign cars.
I don’t believe the price of gold;
the certainty of growing old,
that right is right and left is wrong,
that north and south can’t get along,
that east is east and west is west,
and being first is always best.

But I believe in love.
I believe in babies.
I believe in mom and dad.
And I believe in you.

Well, I don’t believe that heaven waits,
for only those who congregate.
I like to think of God as love:
He’s down below, He’s up above.
He’s watching people everywhere.
He knows who does and doesn’t care.
And I’m an ordinary man.
Sometimes I wonder who I am.

But I believe in love.
I believe in music.
I believe in magic.
And I believe in you.

Well, I know with all my certainty,
what’s going on with you and me,
is a good thing.
It’s true, I believe in you.

I don’t believe virginity
is as common as it used to be,
in working days and sleeping nights,
that black is black and white is white,
that Superman and Robin Hood
are still alive in Hollywood,
that gasoline’s in short supply,
the rising cost of getting by.

But I believe in love.
I believe in old folks.
I believe in children.
I believe in you.

I believe in love.
I believe in babies.
I believe in mom and dad.
And I believe in you.

Third Listening Questions

“To believe” means to think it is true. In the song, Don Williams says “I don’t believe…” about many things. For example, “I don’t believe that heaven waits for only those who congregate.” Can you find more examples of things Don Williams doesn’t think are true.

“To believe in” is different from “to believe”. Let’s look at the difference. To believe in means to (1) trust it or (2) think it’s a good idea or (3) have hope for its future.

Find an example of (1), (2), and (3).

(1)

(2)

(3)

What is organic food?

What does “I don’t believe [in] the certainty of growing old” mean?

“Right is right and left is wrong” is about politicians. Do you know of any “right” politicians? How about a “left” politician?

What does “Heaven waits for only those who congregate mean”?

a) Only people who believe in God go to heaven

b) Only people that go to church go to heaven

c) Only some people go to heaven

Does he think there are more or fewer virgins these days? a) more b) fewer

Do you know who Superman is? How about Robin Hood?

What does “folks” mean?

a) People

b) Dogs

c) Cars

Third Listening Answers

“To believe” means to think it is true. In the song, Don Williams says “I don’t believe…” about many things. For example, “I don’t believe that heaven waits for only those who congregate.” Can you find more examples of things Don Williams doesn’t think are true.

He doesn’t believe that we will certainly get old, that right is right, that left is wrong, that east is east and west is west and being first is always best, that heaven waits for only those who congregate, that virginity is as common as it used to be, that Superman and Robin Hood are still alive in Hollywood, or that gasoline’s in short supply.

“To believe in” is different from “to believe”. Let’s look at the difference. To believe in means to (1) trust it or (2) think it’s a good idea or (3) have hope for its future.

Find an example of (1), (2), and (3).

Answers may be different, but for example.

(1) Mom and Dad

(2) Love

(3) Children

What is organic food? Food without chemicals added to it.

What does “I don’t believe [in] the certainty of growing old” mean? It means that we might die before we are old. (For example, maybe a bus will hit us.)

“Right is right and left is wrong” is about politicians. Do you know of any “right” politicians? How about a “left” politician? George Bush is “right”. Barack Obama is “left”.

What does “Heaven waits for only those who congregate mean”?

a) Only people who believe in God go to heaven

b) Only people that go to church go to heaven

c) Only some people go to heaven

Does he think there are more or fewer virgins these days? a) more b) fewer

Do you know who Superman is? How about Robin Hood? They are imaginary heroes.

What does “folks” mean?

a) People

b) Dogs

c) Cars

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