This lesson is part of a series of one-hour lessons that will help students improve their prosody skills. Prosody, in short, is word stress, timing, and intonation. For an introduction to the series, click here.
Name: Word Bubbles
Time: 1 hour
Prep Time: None
Materials: These Worksheets
Primary Objective: Improve word stress skills
Other Benefits: Discuss sports
Introduce the concept (5 minutes) On the board, write three sentences with circles above each word. Bigger circles mean more stress. Read them with the students.
(Note: It’s difficult to change the font in this blog, so in place of circles, you’ll see letters here. S=Small, M=Medium, B=Big. On the worksheets, you’ll see circles (bubbles) instead.)
S B M S
I love football.
S B M S
She’s so stupid.
M S S M M
I don’t think that’s true.
Practice as a class (25 minutes) Pass out the first page of these worksheets. Students should listen to you read the sentences and make circles above the syllables depending on how much stress the syllable needs. More stress means a bigger circle.
Then, pass out another worksheet with suggested answers and practice reading the sentences together.
Practice in Pairs (20 minutes) Pass out the third worksheet to half the class with similar but slightly different sentences.
Pass out the fourth worksheet to the other half of the class.
Students should complete the worksheet in pairs, with one student reading and the other making circles above their words.
Then they should practice reading them in pairs.
Finally, practice reading them as a class.
On their own (10 Minutes) Now, ask students to write a couple sentences on their own and make their own circles above the words. They should practice reading these in pairs as well.
Extension: Instead of just writing a few sentences, students might write whole dialogues and note the word stress throughout.
Ideas for Homework: Tell the students to choose a song they enjoy, find the lyrics, and create stress markings for them.